Filling up a 16-gallon tank on average costs $48 this year, about $6 more than December 2009 when gasoline was $2.607 per gallon.
Here are Web resources that will help travelers control their gasoline costs:
Study finds little enforcement in Alberta tar sands infractions
Calgary Herald - 2013-07-23
Fewer than one percent of the reported environmental concerns received any enforcement action, said a study that was based on a Freedom of Information request in Canada.
Mayflower oil spill timeline with official documents
Arkansas Online - 2013-06-30
Includes EPA reports and Material Safety Data Sheet for Wabasca heavy crude.
With Unusual Speed Officials Slap Exxon with Oil Spill Lawsuit. Why?
InsideClimate News - 2013-06-19
Oil Price Highest Since January on Syria Concerns
Associated Press - 2013-06-15
Oil climbs $1.82 per barrel to $97.85 per barrel.
A powerful use for spoiled food - Anaerobic digestion produces electricity
latimes.com - 2013-05-18
Kroger says spoiled food from some of its grocery stores in the Los Angeles area can generate 13 million kilowatt hours of electricity, enough for 2,000 typical homes.
Mountain of Petroleum Coke From Oil Sands Rises in Detroit
NYTimes.com - 2013-05-18
Petroleum coke from the processing of tar sands bitumen is piling up by the Detroit River. Petroleum coke is often exported to China where it is burned ads fuel. It is highly polluting.
Peak oil, climate change and pipeline politics drive Syria conflict
Guardian.co.uk - 2013-05-13
Syria, once self-sufficient in wheat, has become dependent on imports.
Can Libya's Oil Recovery Survive 2013?
Forbes - 2013-05-11
Libya has asked OPEC to increase its production to 1.7 million barrels per day. This comes as its GPD has grown significantly since the Arab Spring uprising.
Exxon Mobil said freestanding oil recovered from Mayflower, AR, spill
UPI.com - 2013-05-08
Hydrofracking Could Strain Western Water Resources, Study Finds
NYTimes.com - 2013-05-02
From the Ceres report: "Nearly half of 25,450 oil and gas wells evaluated in U.S. are in water basins with high and extremely high water stress; industry’s future growth depends on accelerating solutions such as more water recycling, better water management planning"
Experts cautious of impact of oil on trade deficit in Uganda
The Monitor (Uganda) - 2013-05-02
Some in this African nation are wary about the impact of the importing of capital goods to increase oil production.
Fire put out at Marathon refinery in Detroit, processed Canadian Heavy Oil
Detroit Free Press - 2013-04-28
Peak oil isn't dead: An interview with Chris Nelder
Washington Post - 2013-04-27
Chris Nelder said that in order for the world's economy to produce more than 73 million barrels of oil per day (which it reached in 2005) the level of investment in oil had to double; also he noted that the price of oil tripled. In 2012 the world's oil production was 75.5 million barrels per day.
EU set to buy oil from anti-Assad rebels after lifting Syrian embargo
The Independent - 2013-04-23
Damaged infrastructure expected to complicate the deal.
Uganda, DR Congo officials agree on good relationship in oil regions
monitor.co.ug - 2013-04-22
These 5 countries supplied 70% of all U.S. oil imports last year
Market Watch - 2013-04-19
These 5 countries supplied 70% of all U.S. oil imports last year
Market Watch - 2013-04-19
Britain, France claim Syria used chemical weapons
Washington Post - 2013-04-19
Soil samples and witnesses bolster case that chemical weapons have been used in conflict
Judge rules administration overlooked fracking risks in California mineral leases
Reuters - 2013-04-09
The decision delays fracking in two tracts of the Monterrey Shale Formation. The two tracts are 2,500 acres, but the formation as a whole may hold 15 billion of oil.
GlobalResourcesNews.com - 2013-04-08
Exports of petroleum products rise as imports fall. But the gap is still close to $10 billion.
Syria oil industry buckling under rebel gains
AP - 2013-04-06
Syria's typical production of 380,000 barrels a day has been cut in half.
Web Extra: Aerial Footage of Mayflower Oil Spill in Arkansas
Arkansas Matters - 2013-04-03
Protecting Water from Oil Sands Operations: Legacy of Broken Promises
The Energy Collective - 2013-04-01
Exxon oil spill cleanup ongoing in Arkansas, pipeline shut
Reuters - 2013-04-01
As of noon Monday (two full days after the spill) 12,000 barrels of oil and water had been recovered. Pipeline operator Exxon did not give an exact estimate of the level of the spill and has yet to begin its investigative excavation to discover the cause of the spill From the Web site: 'The Exxon pipeline was carrying Canadian Wabasca Heavy crude at the time of the leak, a bitumen oil from the massive Pelican Lake field in northern Alberta.'
Suncor, Total bow out of Canadian oil-sands plant
Market Watch - 2013-04-01
Total to write of $1.65 billion.
Libya's oil sector makes quick recovery after 2011 revolution
The Washington Post - 2013-03-16
China willing to join Exxon at giant Iraq oilfield
Reuters - 2013-03-05
Burma to Open Offshore Blocs to Auction
Associated Press - 2013-03-04
Burma, also known as Myanmar, plans to put 20 offshore oil and natural gas areas to foreign investors. Also, it is facing delays on a pipeline to China because of violence in its northeast.
Iran to build oil refinery in Pakistan
News.Az - 2013-02-21
The $4-billion refinery would process 400,000 barrel per day in the port city of Gwadar.
Oil Sands Mining Uses Up Almost as Much Energy as It Produces
InsideClimate News - 2013-02-19
Oil from tar sands takes a great deal of energy to produce. To produce 5 barrels of oil requires 1 barrel ofl oil equivalent for surface mines. But if extractors have to dig for the tar sands then 1 barrel of oil input yields only 2.9 barrels output.
Bomb attack in Iraq targets oil 16-inch pipeline near Beiji
AP - 2013-02-18
The bombing in Ninenvah province affected the Iraq's largest oil refinery.
Keystone XL Protest Draws 50,000 as Permit Decision Approaches
GlobalResourcesNews Video - 2013-02-17
Oil bottleneck gives Rockies cheaper gasoline
Associated Press - 2013-02-02
Oil bottleneck gives Rockies cheaper gasoline
Associated Press - 2013-02-02
Keystone Pipeline Route Approved by Nebraska Governor
NYTimes.com - 2013-01-23
Nebraska's governor said the new route skirts the Nebraska Sand Hill and asks President Obama to approve it as well. The NYT story is accompanied by a map of the original route, the revision and the locations of the Nebraska Sand Hills and the Platte River.
Algeria army-backed oil security suffers biggest blow
Reuters - 2013-01-17
The attack on In Amenas natural gas field calls into question the security that the country's armed forces have been providing the oil sector. This article lists a number of other oil fields that are most vulnerable to attack by terrorists.
Cenovus upgraded, Nexen downgraded at JPMorgan
Financial Post - 2013-01-17
Analyst says that because stock price is near the bid by the Chinese National Overseas Oil Corp. there is little prospect for valuation growth. She also noted that relative weakness in North American oil prices conflicts with the high level of capital expenditures needed to develop.
Nov. Oil Deficit Falls, But Persists Above $10 Billion per Month
GlobalResourcesNews.com - 2013-01-12
What Shell's Kulluk Oil Rig Accident Means for Arctic Drilling
Popular Mechanics - 2013-01-02
All crew off drill ship, moving in Gulf of Alaska
AP - 2012-12-30
Eighteen crew members were evacuated as the Kulluk as its tow vessel gets its motors running again. That vessel and the Coast Guard are trying to move the Kulluk to a safe inlet 20 miles north on Kodiak Island, but 20- to 30-foot waves and winds in excess of 20 knots are hampering the operation.
Russia Lukoil to Cut Iraq Oil Production By 30% After Govt Decision
Rigzone - 2012-12-28
Iraq announced its goal of propping up prices of oil and Lukoil said it would reduce West Qurna-2 output from 1.8 million barrels a day to 1.2 mbd.
Little Oversight for Enbridge Pipeline Route that Skirts Lake Michigan
InsideClimate News - 2012-12-27
Enbridge pipeline 6B would carry 21 million gallons of oil per day within 11 miles of Lake Michigan with little impact. The article has two good maps showing the pipeline, the lake and the population centers affected.
Total: Oil Production to Peak at 98M Barrels per Day
Dow Jones Newswire via Rigzone - 2012-12-13
The French oil company increased its estimate of the peak oil plateau up from 95 million barrels per day. THe introduction of tight oil and shale oil from the US will help, but not give the US energy independence Total CEO Christophe de Margerie said.
BHP Billiton sells stake in Australia gas project to PetroChina for $1.6 billion
The Washington Post - 2012-12-12
The billion dollar deal comes on the heels of Canada approving a $15 billion dollar acquisition of Nexen with its oil sands properties in Alberta.
Canada Clears $15 Billion Chinese Takeover of an Energy Company
NYTimes.com - 2012-12-08
Prime Minister Stephen Harper tells investors not to expect more big sales of Canadian assets to foreign interests.
Despite oil wealth of country, many Saudis live in poverty
The Washington Post - 2012-12-04
Somewhere between 2 million and 4 million of Saudi Arabia's 28 million population lives below the poverty line of $17 a day despite the country's status as the world's largest oil producer.
Indian navy prepared to deploy to South China Sea to protect oil interests
Reuters - 2012-12-03
Although it has no territorial claims in the South China Sea, one of its oil companies does have a stake in the Nam Con Son basin near Vietnam.
Rebels take another oil field: Syria activist
The Daily Star - 2012-11-30
The Syrian opposition forces took Omar oil field near the Iraqi border.
Iraqi troops, Kurdish forces face off in disputed area
Reuters - 2012-11-20
Post-Arab Spring: Non-oil economies hit hardest
Al Bawaba - 2012-11-18
National deficits are a serious risk for Middle East-North African countries without serious oil revenue, the analysis argues.
Syria rebels capture airport in oil-rich region
CBC News - 2012-11-17
Rebels took Hamdan airport in Deir el-Zour province bordering with Iraq.
Oil tops $86, buoyed by supply risk in the Mideast
MarketWatch - 2012-11-16
The price increase follows a day when crude initially rose due to war fears, but then closed down because of concerns of economic downturns.
BP agrees to pay $4.5B; 3 employees charged in 2010 Gulf spill
Associated Press - 2012-11-15
The amount includes $1.3 billion in criminal fines, the largest in U.S. history.
Global shares sink on global economic worries despite violence; oil falls
Reuters - 2012-11-15
Although oil had risen some due to fighting between Israel and Hamas, at the end of Thursday oil dropped due to concerns about the economy. Although the December contract for Brent rose $1.31 to $110.92 the importance of the increase was short-lived. January contracts war to become the new benchmark on Friday, Nov. 16 and those contracts dropped 81 cents to $107.67. Nymex crude fell 87 cents to $85.45 a barrel
GlobalResourcesNews stories on the search term: oil
Links for the search term: oil
Cross-sector analysis of the impacts of climate change
Abstracts of presenters at the May 2013 International Conference on Climate Change Effects in Postsdam.
Risk of ecosystem shift under climate change, a multi-model analysis, Lila Warszawski, Germany
Assessing simulations of climate change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, Tim Rademacher, UK
Statistical evaluation of uncertainties in future projection of global soil carbon dynamics relevant to sensitivities of global temperature and precipitation changes, Kazuya Nishina, Japan
Impact of future sea-level rise on global risk of coastal floods, Jochen Hinkel, Germany
Multi-model assessment of water scarcity under climate change, Jacob Schewe, Germany
Climate change and malaria: intercomparison of global malaria models, Sari Kovats, UK
Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison, Cynthia Rosenzweig, USA
Crop responses to elevated CO2 concentration: How certain are we?, Delphine Deryng, UK
Comparing projections of future changes in runoff and water resources from hydrological and ecosystem models in ISI-MIP, Pete Falloon, UK
A global multi-model perspective on the potential and limitations of irrigation for climate change adaptation, Joshua Elliott, USA
Leaving the world as we know it: Hotspots of global climate change impacts, Franziska Piontek, Germany
Impact cascades of climate change, Katja Frieler, Germany
The conversion factors cover calculation between weight, volume and calorific measures. They provide data for crude oil, products, natural gas, LNG, electricity and solid fuels
1 billion cubic feet of LNG = 0.021 million metric tons
How to Power the World without Fossil Fuels
From the site: Mark Jacobson says he can run the planet solely on wind, water and solar energy. First stop: New York State
Battle Map: Site of Tigatourine natural gas facility at In Amenas in Algerian desert
On Jan 16, 2013 militants seized a remote natural gas facility in Algeria's extraction and pipeline network. The next Algerian forces attempted to rescue hostages and retake the facility. Reportedly 30 of the 41 hostages died during the attempt.
Climate Progress Critique of Oil Company Tax Breaks
Pointing out that ExxonMobil paid 14% or less in corporate taxes in recent years, the article describes four types of tax breaks: the depletion allowance; the domestic manufacturing tax deduction; the foreign tax credit; and the expensing of intangible costs.
Robert L. Hirsch's critique of a WSJ article on a CERA oil decline study
Discusses and takes exception the January 17, 2008 Wall Street Journal article entitled 'New Fields May Offset Oil Drop,' which asserts a 4.5% annual decline in production rate alleviates risk of peak oil in the near-term.
A July 24, 2012 essay assessing peak oil and decline rates of oil production
From the Web site: This is a guest post from Chris Nelder, an energy expert who has spent a decade studying and writing about energy and related issues. He has written two books (Profit from the Peak and Investing in Renewable Energy) . He blogs at GetREALList.com and writes the Energy Futurist column for SmartPlanet.
Map of Canadian Energy Resources
Interactive map with layers of different types of resources. The Web site also has maps of the provinces.
Alberta Oil Sands Fact Sheet
Places Alberta third in the world in proven oil reserves (169.3 billion bbls), after Saudi Arabia (260.1 billion bbls) and Venezuela 2112).
Situation on the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline
Map-laden primer on the oil potential of Kurdistan and the security challenges of bringing it to market through the Iraqi-Turkish pipeline.
Soil Moisture Essential Climate Variable of the ESA
The important role of soil moisture for the environment and climate system is well known. Soil moisture influences hydrological and agricultural processes, runoff generation, drought development and many other processes. It also impacts on the climate system through atmospheric feedbacks. Soil moisture is a source of water for evapotranspiration over the continents, and is involved in both the water and the energy cycles. Soil moisture was recognised as an Essential Climate Variable (ECV) in 2010.
EIA Iraq Petroleum Information page
Has oil infrastructure table
Analysis of Alaskan oil from a small cap energy investor
Discusses how Prudhoe Bay peaked in 1989 after about 12 years of production and has been declining ever since.
Wintershall, other firms crank up Libyan oil output
The story reports that Ubifrance's director general estimates $30 billion needed between 2011-15 "to take Libyan oil production to 3 million b/d.”
Catalyst for sulphur removal from hydrocarbons - Alberta Oil Sands Technology and Research Authority
From site: "...oil sand bitumen, large deposits of which exist in the Athabasca oil sand deposits of Alberta, Canada, contain about 4.5 to 5.0% by weight sulphur."
Tar Sands Basics
From site: "About two tons of tar sands are required to produce one barrel of oil. Roughly 75% of the bitumen can be recovered from sand."
Bioenergy Conversion Factors
Carbon content of fossil fuels and bioenergy feedstocks
* coal (average) = 25.4 metric tonnes carbon per terajoule (TJ)
o 1.0 metric tonne coal = 746 kg carbon
* oil (average) = 19.9 metric tonnes carbon / TJ
* 1.0 US gallon gasoline (0.833 Imperial gallon, 3.79 liter) = 2.42 kg carbon
* 1.0 US gallon diesel/fuel oil (0.833 Imperial gallon, 3.79 liter) = 2.77 kg carbon
* natural gas (methane) = 14.4 metric tonnes carbon / TJ
* 1.0 cubic meter natural gas (methane) = 0.49 kg carbon
* carbon content of bioenergy feedstocks: approx. 50% for woody crops or wood waste; approx. 45% for graminaceous (grass) crops or agricultural residues
The Price of Unleaded Gas Vs. a Barrel of Oil | eHow.com
From the Web site: 'Out of a barrel of typical crude oil, refining will produce 19 to 20 gallons of gasoline, 9 gallons of diesel or heating oil, 4 gallons of jet fuel and 8 to 9 gallons of various other products.'
HowStuffWorks "How Gas Prices Work"
From the Web site: 'Each barrel of oil contains 42 gallons (159 L), which yields 19 to 20 gallons (75 L) of gasoline. So, in the United States, something like 178 million gallons of gasoline is consumed every day.'
WSJ Mapped Analysis of Types of Oil Rigs in the Gulf of Mexico
One in four deepwater wells in the Gulf of Mexico use the long-string design of well. This type design, used by the Deepwater Horizon, is considered riskier than liner-style well.