Mapping to Help People and to Respond to Disaster Areas
The following videos, mostly presentations made at the "State of the Map US 2014" conference held in Washington DC, describe how the maps are produced and how they are used. The videos were provided by the conference and its sponsor, Mapbox, and has been used by GlobalResourcesNews for its own reporting.
The tool that is described in the videos is OpenStreetMap, a free and open source map that relies on a community of contributors to enhance maps of locations around the world. Disaster workers use the information on the maps to prepare for emergencies, to navigate through disaster zones and to plan and execute recovery efforts. The Red Cross official in the first video described OpenStreetMap (OSM) as the "default humanitarian mapping language now." Dale Kunce of the American Red Cross said that relief organizations, such as his own, World Vision and Mercy Corps, use OSM to transfer data among each other. "OpenStreetMap is the language that we use to talk to each other," he said.
The State of the Map conference was followed up with a "Code Sprint," in which volunteer mappers produced maps for emergency relief efforts in Chile and for humanitarian work in Zimbabwe. Read more about developing humanitarian maps for use in the fire disaster at Valparaiso, Chile.
Mapping Specific Disasters
Kunce also describes some of the ways the data and map imagery was used in the field. For example, the Red Cross used the map to plan where it would station its cache distribution centers of emergency relief supplies. It also used information about roads to determine which routes were still accessible after the typhoon pounded and damaged the area's transportation system.
Guidance for Humanitarian Mapping
Mapping for First Responders
Private Sector and Humanitarian Mapping
Humanitarian Mapping - Stories, Links and Resources
about Humanitarian Mapping
Online army helps map Guinea's Ebola outbreak
New Scientist - 2014-04-14
State Department: Mapping the humanitarian crisis in Syria
Federal Computer World - 2014-04-14
Social media, crisis mapping and the new frontier in disaster response
Guardian.co.uk - 2014-04-14
How technology is transforming emergency preparedness
IRIN, UN - 2014-04-14
Mapping the Destruction of Typhoon Haiyan - Map
NYTimes.com - 2014-04-14
Europe launches satellite to monitor environment, disaster
Reuters - 2014-04-14
Global Resources News stories
Links for the search term: Humanitarian Mapping
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The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program of USAID
The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program has collected, analyzed, and disseminated accurate and representative data on population, health, HIV, and nutrition through more than 300 surveys in over 90 countries. - See more at: http://www.dhsprogram.com/#sthash.ISYkixmX.dpuf